Despite a significant improvement in school attendance Brazil continues to lag behind other Latin American countries in terms of educational outcomes. While full time school attendance is compulsory for children aged 6 to 14 in Brazil, the 2014 national household survey indicated that over three million children still divide their time between school and work. A team of local PEP researchers set out to measure the impact of child work on learning outcomes to better understand the consequences of children combining work and study. Their analysis indicates that working, both at home or in the labor market, is detrimental to children’s academic performance and that younger (5th grade) children experience a greater negative impact than older (9th grade) children when combining work and studies.
- Working, whether at home or in the labor market, is detrimental to children’s academic performance.
- Younger children are more susceptible to the negative effects of combining work and education.
- The school day should be extended, to both encourage additional time spent in education and reduce the time children spend on household chores or in work.
Partnership for Economic Policy
Authors: Anna L Kassouf, Marcos Garcias, Ida Bojicic Ono, Camila Rossi.